Welcome to Demokrasi 

the guardian podcast, september 16, 2016

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan survived a coup in July 2016 and slewed further to majoritarian repression. He is in good company. 


Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood: Why did they fall?

BBC Radio 4, Analysis. September 13 2013. 

Barely a year after Egypt's post-revolution elections were held, millions of protestors took to the streets to demand the resignation of President Mohammed Morsi. After a short stand-off with army leaders, he was removed from power in what many described as a coup d'etat. In this edition of Analysis, I spoke to insiders from across Egypt's political spectrum to reveal the mistakes and power-plays which led to the downfall of the country's first democratically elected president.


Islamists International

BBC Radio 4. Analysis. March 4 2013

The Muslim Brotherhood is a global ideological network enjoying popular support across the Sunni Muslim world. It, and closely related Islamic groups, are well established from North Africa to the Middle East, Turkey, the Indian subcontinent and Malaysia. In this edition of Analysis, which I made shortly after the Brotherhood came to power in Egypt, I examined the Brotherhood’s global reach. 


Green Roots from the Arab Spring: Egypt

BBC Radio 4, Analysis. November 12 2012

With the downfall of Hosni Mubarak, political change came with a rush on the people of Egypt. But how did the revolution affect – and reflect – the mindset of ordinary people in the Arab world’s most populous country? 

In the autumn of 2012 I travelled to Cairo to consider the consequences for Arab society of a culture in which ordinary people openly question those in authority - not just in the political sphere but within the family and religious realm too.


Green Roots from the Arab Spring: Tunisia

BBC World Service. Heart and Soul. December 12 2012 

The downfall of Zine El Abidine bin Ali in January 2011 marked the beginning of the ‘Arab Spring,’ a series of tumults and revolutions that opened a new era of hope and uncertainty in the Middle East. A year after those events, Tunisians told me about their effects.  


Iran and Britain

October 8, 2009, BBC 4

My first TV documentary, in which I explored the fraught but often surprisingly intimate history of Britain's relations with Iran, and asked why Iranians think that if something goes wrong in Iran, Britain must have something to do with it